This annex provides for an orderly, coordinated
evacuation of the county population during an emergency
threat while outlining the organization and direction of
SITUATION AND ASSUMPTIONS
Several emergency situations may require evacuation of
part of Gaston County. Small‑scale, localized
evacuations may be needed as a result of a hazardous
materials incident, major fire, or other incident.
Large‑scale evacuations may be needed in the event of a
A hazard analysis has been completed which identifies
the types of threats and the areas and population in the
county that are most vulnerable to these threats.
A demographic analysis has been completed. Facilities
and populations within the county that pose special
evacuation problems have been identified.
An evacuation may require substantial physical resources
for transportation, communication, and traffic control.
Available public and private resources have been
Large-scale disasters may necessitate the rapid
evacuation of hospitals, nursing homes and
Sufficient warning time will be available to evacuate
the threatened population.
The principal mode of transportation will be private
Particular areas of the county, or special populations
within the county, will need additional time to
accomplish an evacuation.
The public will both receive and understand official
information related to evacuation. The public will act
in its' own interest and will evacuate dangerous areas
promptly when advised to do so.
If there is sufficient advanced warning, some residents
will evacuate prior to being advised to do so by public
Most evacuees will seek shelter with relatives or
friends rather than accept public
Some residents may refuse to evacuate regardless of
Some people will lack transportation. Others who are ill
or disabled may require vehicles with special
Within the National Response Framework, transportation
is an Emergency Support Function (ESF-1)
and incorporates ground, air and water transportation
resources as well as transportation infrastructure
CONCEPT OF OPERATIONS
The ultimate responsibility for ordering an evacuation
rests with local government public officials. If a
municipality is to be evacuated, the mayor will issue
the order. If the evacuation involves more than one
jurisdiction, or an area outside of a municipality, the
Chairman of the County Commissioners, or his designated
elected representative, will issue the order on a county
By monitoring the progress of the evacuation, any
impediments to the evacuation can be recognized and
contingency options can be implemented.
Movement Control and Guidance
The size of the threatened area to be evacuated will
be determined by conditions at the time of the
Traffic movement during evacuation will be
controlled by use of designated routes and traffic
control points. The evacuation area will identify at
least two routes of egress. One lane of each route
will be kept open to permit ingress of emergency
Traffic movement is directed to designated reception
areas and shelters within the county and in adjacent
counties if needed.
Vehicles experiencing mechanical problems during the
evacuation will be moved off the roads. Stranded
evacuees will be picked up by other evacuating
vehicles, or by emergency response personnel.
Staging Areas and Pick-up Points and Routes
The County will determine designated staging areas
as mobilization points to organize the emergency
response personnel and equipment entering from areas
outside the county.
points and/or routes will be established as needed.
Evacuees without vehicles will be instructed to go
to the nearest pick-up point. Pick-up routes will be
designated for the rural areas. If possible,
emergency vehicles will travel these routes at least
twice during the evacuation to assure all evacuees
without vehicles are assisted.
Evacuation of Special Populations (Institutions,
Facilities and Special Care Individuals)
Institutions within the county are responsible for
developing procedures for evacuation of their
Buses may evacuate ambulatory patients and staff of
medical facilities within the county. Ambulances and
vans will be provided to assist in evacuation of
non-ambulatory individuals. Procedures for rapid
evacuation and/or in-place sheltering should be
included in facility plans for those that are in a
potential vulnerability zone from hazardous
Schools will develop evacuation procedures. Buses
will be utilized for students without their own
vehicles. Schools within the danger zone for
hazardous materials incidents will develop
procedures for in-place sheltering and "walk‑away"
evacuations. Parents will be advised of the location
of reception centers.
The public will be given a telephone number(s) for
handicapped or disabled persons without
transportation. The Transportation Coordinator working with EMS Coordinator will
arrange pick-up of these individuals by the County
Rescue Squads, Emergency Medical Services and/or
Fire Departments. The County Department of Social
Services and the Health Department will advise the
Emergency Medical Director of individuals known to
need transportation assistance.
Each prison and detention center within the county
will develop procedures for the relocation of
prisoners to jails outside of the threatened area.
The Gaston County Police Department or municipal
police department, as appropriate, will coordinate
evacuation from parks and recreation areas. The
Gaston County Police Department in coordination with
Department of Environment, Health, & Natural
Resources will coordinate evacuation of State parks
and recreation areas in the county. County and State
parks representatives should advise the Emergency
Management Administrator and Police Departments of
any scheduled special events that may draw crowds to
the parks or recreation areas.
Large employers within the county have procedures
for evacuation of their employees. These procedures
include, if needed, the temporary shutdown of their
Emergency Public Information Brochures
Warnings to the public and information concerning
evacuation will be broadcast over the
Alerting System network and/or by emergency vehicles
equipped with sirens, warning lights, and
loudspeakers moving through the threatened areas.
For localized evacuations, warning and evacuation
instructions may also be given door-to-door.
DIRECTION AND CONTROL
Direction and control of evacuation is the
responsibility of the Chairman, County Board of
Commissioners or the mayor of a municipality. In the
Chairman's/Mayor's absence, the commissioner/councilman
next in line of succession will serve as replacement
During large-scale evacuations involving the relocation
of the population from an entire municipality, county,
or several counties, the Governor may declare a State of
Disaster. At that point the Governor assumes direction
and control of the situation and evacuation operations
will be coordinated by the State Emergency Response Team
(SERT) upon activation of the State EOC.
When an emergency situation requires timely evacuation
or before the Emergency Operations Center can be
activated, the "on‑scene" commander can call for
evacuation in accordance with the
County's State of
CONTINUITY OF GOVERNMENT
The line of succession is:
Chief County Police
Assistant Chief County Police
The line of succession is:
Gaston County Central Transportation (Access)
Emergency Medical Services Director
Superintendent of Schools
Continuity of government will be maintained by
relocating government operations if needed. Lines of
succession to all key positions will be established and
all essential records will be protected.
When evacuees are relocated outside the county, a
representative will be appointed to act as liaison
between the county and the reception area government.
The evacuees will be subject to the laws of the
reception area for the duration of their stay.
Lines of succession to each agency that supports the
evacuation/transportation operation are in accordance
with the agency's established policy.
Attachment 1 Evacuation and Transportation Preparedness/Response Checklist
Gaston County Police Chief, or designee,
or Incident Commander: